Comparing Outdoor Display Technology

When it comes to outdoor digital displays there are currently three main contenders: LED, LCD, ePaper. The following is a brief comparison table of the main characteristics of each. Each technology has its advantages depending on the targeted application. Cost is a huge variable with each of these so very hard to provide a direct comparison, in any case, the characteristics of each are the main differentiator.

ResolutionMedium to low, good for large displays viewed from further back. Dot pitches are typically 2mm or largerHigh resolution. Typically around 0.4mm dot pitch. Very high resolution at <0.3mm.
BrightnessHigh brightness. Typically around 5,000nitsMedium to high. Most high bright LCD are from >1,000nit to around 3,000nits. Some up to 5,000nits.Reflective & sunlight readable. Nightviewing options with lighting.
PowerRequires mains powerRequires mains powerCan run off solar or wind with a battery
SizeMedium to large, 65″ and larger, up to very large.Small to medium, up to 86″ without tiling. Tiled displays have bezel lines.Up to 42″ without tiling but scalable with tiling.
ColorFull colorFull colorMonochrome


LED is the clear and prevalent favorite for large sports arena displays and billboards. The ability to create a display of almost any size and good daylight readable brightness that can be turned down for night viewing makes it the clear choice for certain installations. Although LED is achieving ever higher resolutions in indoor displays, high-resolution LED doesn’t have the brightness for outdoor viewing at this time (April 2021). Volanti will start offering outdoor LED options through its web page at:


LCD stands out when color and resolution are needed in an outdoor setting, a good example is for drive-thru QSR menu boards. It is ideally suited for small, eg kiosk sized displays where color and maybe video is wanted, medium size such as advertising displays, and up to around 86″ diagonal display size. Resolution is excellent making it suitable for close to medium distance viewing. Here is a link to Volanti’s outdoor LCD display:


E-Paper has a unique niche with ultra-low power requirements and excellent sunlight readability. An e-paper display doesn’t require power to hold an image and only uses a small amount of power to change the image. This makes it ideally suited to being powered from solar or wind with a battery as a power buffer. As it is reflective, e-paper is less obtrusive than LED or LCD and therefore ideal for public signboards and places where light emissive displays are not wanted.

The main ePaper solution on the market is from E Ink, I did a brief blog to introduce the various reflective digital display technologies on the market at this time: Here is the initial Volanti e-paper product page:


There are other outdoor digitally controlled display technologies such as certain types of electromechanical displays but they are becoming less common compared to LED, LCD and ePaper.